POLS210 American Public Congress federal budget HR 2500 and HR 1044 Paper – Excelsior Writers | excelsiorwriters.com
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Forum post 1:

In my post this week I would like to talk about Congress and the important task they are entrusted with which is the economic budget. In our time we have experienced many government shut downs due to Congress not reaching and agreement on a spending bill. In this years discussion about the national budget, Congress is trying to get a head start on plans for the 2020 budget to avoid any shut down or any delays on current projects that involve spending. The House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means recently announced that they will be getting a head start on talks for next years budget starting on August 22nd. They are starting now so that they can address any issues that will arise in the proposed budget. With the Committee of Ways and Means starting now with discussions, they should be able to iron out any problems that will come from the budget plan and should hopefully avoid another government shut down. Congress’ main job mandated by Article 1 of the constitution is to keep the executive branch from having total control over the US legislation by having control of money and budget spending. With this being their primary job, they should always have a head start on the budget plans for the following years. In my opinion, I believe that Congress has lost its way a little bit and has forgotten what is most important which is how each dollar is split up and used to benefit the US economy. With the US being one of the worlds strongest economies, we should make sure that we set a better example of how we spend our money and how we avoid a crisis like a government shut down. Many countries look at our government and try to mirror it because to them it is working better than theirs. Do any of you know when the budget is supposed to be passed? Do any of you know when the new fiscal year begins for the federal government?

Forum Post 2:

Hello Class,

Happy week 3 to everyone, this week I chose to discuss how a bill becomes a law. According to votesmart.org there are six steps in the process of a bill becoming a law. The first is introducing the legislation which can be done by any member of congress although there are differences between the House and the Senate in how this is done. In the House, the piece of legislation is handed to the Clerk of the House to be introduced. While in the Senate, members must be recognized by the presiding officer to introduce the bill during the “morning hour”, and if it is rejected by any senator then the introduction is postponed until the next day. The next step is Committee action which involves many different actions that ultimately result in a full committee vote on the bill, and usually the bill goes to the Rules Committee before the Floor so that the appropriate rules for the procedures of how the bill will be considered by the house may be set. Then the bill will be sent to the Floor where it will be posted to the calendar to hold debates and then it is voted on. If the bill gets passed by the House it is then sent to the Senate to be debated and voted on and visa versa. If the bill fails in either chamber it dies, but if it is passed in both it will then be sent to the President to be signed which then makes it a law. If the President does not sign within 10 days but Congress is still in session then it will still become a law, but if Congress adjourns before the 10 day deadline passes then it does not become a law. The President also has the power to Veto the bill which will also keep it from becoming a law. (votesmart.org, 2019)

The current bill that I chose for this week’s discussion is H.R.2500. – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020. This bill has passed the introduction phase and is currently in the House being corrected and evaluated. If passed by the House it will then go to the Senate for evaluation and to be voted on. If passed by the Senate then it will be sent to the President for the final say. The President can choose to sign it and turn it into a law, or he can veto and discard it. If he chooses not to sign it within his 10 day deadline and congress is still in session then it will still become a law. (congress.gov, 2019)



Forum Post 3:

Hello everyone,

The current bill I chose to discuss is “H.R. 1044 – Fairness for High Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019”. The bill was introduced by representative Zoe Lofgren (D) from California on 02/07/2019. After being introduced the bill has currently passed the House of Representatives and has been received by the Senate where it is waiting for judicial review. A summary of the bill explains that this bill would amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, which would raise the per-country limitation on the family-based immigrant visas from 7% to 15%, while also ridding of the employment-based visa cap of 7%.

According to our textbook, the process in which a bill becomes a law in known as classic legislation process. The initial step being the draft then assigned a number where in this case is H.R. 1044. The bill is next sponsored and sent to a committee prior to being sent to the floor of the chamber in which it was presented. The bill once approved by the committee then the bill is then sent to the other chamber for review. This must happen before the bill can go to the floor for a vote. Once a bill has been approved by the assembly or by the senate then the bill then travels to the executive level where the President then signs the bill into law or vetoes the bill.

For this bill it started with being introduced by the house of representatives where it then was referred to the house committee then a subcommittee for Immigration and Citizenship. It was until July 10th where the house debated on the bill and by the end of the day the yeas and nays came to 365-65. Being successful in obtaining the 2/3 votes needed, the bill is currently in the senate where it has bene reviewed twice and referred to a committee on the judiciary.

Works Cited:

Lofgren, Zoe. “H.R.1044 – Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019.”

Congress.gov, 11 July 2019, https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/1044?q={“search”:[“immigrants”]}&r=1.

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